Blood pressure refers to the force at which blood pushes against the walls of the blood vessels. When the arteries push the blood too hard, it increases the force, which results with high blood pressure. It is also known as hypertension. It is important that you watch out for symptoms of high blood pressure and when noticed do not ignore them.
Blood pressure is measured in two readings. The normal pressure level is 120 / 80. The first number denotes the systolic pressure, which measures the peak wave of the pressure when the heart contracts (When the heart contracts, it sends the blood out). The lower number refers diastolic pressure, the wave at which the heart relaxes.
How to diagnose the symptoms of high blood pressure
Most of the times, high blood pressure has no symptoms at all. Until you check the pressure level, you may not be able to recognize that you have high blood pressure. Typically, a lot of people with high blood pressure experience no symptoms. It is labeled as a ‘silent killer.’ Even if the blood pressure levels reach the peak, almost a dangerously high level, many experience no warning signs or symptoms.
However, there are few symptoms of high blood pressure if experienced should not be ignored.
The most visible sign is Chest pain. Due to excessive pressure in the arteries, you may experience mild to moderate chest pain. When the arteries, function beyond its scope, it fails to perform its duty. This is the major reason for the cardiac failure or heart attack. In addition, you may also suffer from irregular heartbeat and shortness of breath.
Other symptoms of high blood pressure include,
- Moderate to severe headache
- Blurred Vision
- Dizziness / chronic fatigue
- Poor consciousness or alertness , confusion and lack of concentration, memory loss, difficulty finding words, and losing focus during conversations.
- Anger, frustration and unexplained mood swings
When you experience any of the above symptoms, it is likely that these symptoms of high blood pressure are also associated with other conditions.
However, it is highly recommended to get your pressure levels examined periodically to prevent the health complications. When the high blood pressure level is left untreated it may lead to organ damage with most common effects listed below –
- Heart attack/ heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Eye damage with progressive vision loss
- Peripheral arterial diseasecausing leg pain with walking (claudication)
- Aneurysms- abnormal bulge in the arteries leading to rupture
The good part is that high pressure is controllable. You can bring down the pressure levels to normal with diet, exercise and medications. However, you cannot simply ignore the symptoms of high blood pressure as it may lead to cardiovascular diseases or heart failure.